What are human rights?
Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that belong to every person in the world, from birth until death.
They apply regardless of where you are from, what you believe or how you choose to live your life.
They can never be taken away, although they can sometimes be restricted – for example if a person breaks the law, or in the interests of national security.
These basic rights are based on shared values like dignity, fairness, equality, respect and independence.
These values are defined and protected by law.
How do human rights help you?
Human rights are relevant to all of us, not just those who face repression or mistreatment.
They protect you in many areas of your day-to-day life, including:
Where do human rights come from?
The idea that human beings should have a set of basic rights and freedoms has deep roots in Britain.
Landmark developments in Britain include:
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The atrocities of the Second World War made the protection of human rights an international priority.
The United Nations was founded in 1945.
The United Nations allowed more than 50 Member States to contribute to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in 1948.
This was the first attempt to set out at a global level the fundamental rights and freedoms shared by all human beings.
The Human Rights Act 1998
The Human Rights Act 1998 made the rights set out by the European Convention on Human Rights part of our domestic law.
The Human Rights Act means that courts in the United Kingdom can hear human rights cases.
Before it was passed, people had to take their complaints to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France.
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